When light enters a diamond, it is reflected and refracted out. If there is anything disrupting the flow of light in the diamond, such as an inclusion, proportion of light will be lost. As a result brilliance could be diminished. The number of inclusions can determine the degree of brilliance and fire.
Inclusions are natural identifying characteristics such as minerals or fractures appearing while diamonds are formed in the earth. Inclusions, which are sometimes referred to as “Nature’s Fingerprints”, are usually not visible to the naked eye unless magnified.
Inclusions are ranked on a scale of perfection, known as clarity, which was established by the Gemologist Institute of America (GIA). The clarity scale is based on the visibility of inclusions and ranges from FL (flawless) which is the most desired, to I3 (Included 3) which is the least desired. The position and size of the inclusion(s) affect the value of a diamond. Since there are very few flawless diamonds found in nature, thus these diamonds are much more valuable.
What’s the difference between VVS1 and VVS2? Or SI1 and SI2? These numbers represent levels within each grade. The 1’s will have fewer or smaller inclusions than the 2’s or 3’s. This allows for very specific categories.
To view inclusions, jewelers use a magnifying loupe. This tool allows jewelers to see a diamonds at 10x its actual size. Even with a loupe, inclusions in the VVS (Very ,Very Slightly Included) to VS (Very Slight Included) range can be very difficult to find.
The position of inclusions can affect the value of a diamond, you may not notice a significantly difference between a VS1 and a VS2. However, you should consider the number, size, brightness nature and position of the inclusions.
Some inclusions can be hidden by a mounting, thus having little effect on the beauty of a beauty. An inclusion in the middle or top of a diamond could impact the dispersion of light, sometimes making the diamond less brilliant and less desirable.
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